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宣化上人開示錄(九)
Venerable Master Hua’s Talks on Dharma Volume Nine

化老和尚開示 Lectures by the Venerable Master Hsuan Hua

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讀書簡單之祕訣

The Simple Secret to Studying


有種種不好的動作,心奡N昏亂,讀什麼書也記不下。
When you are moving around, your mind will be confused and muddled.

小朋友!你們坐在那兒,手又動、腳又搖、頭又晃,要把頭搬到腳那堨h,又要把腳搬到頭上,這就是顛倒。有這種種不好的動作,心奡N昏亂,讀什麼書也記不下。應該端然正坐,頭腦冷靜,對老師所講的任何課,特別留神,這樣才能吸收知識。讀書有很簡單的方法,就是「三上、三到」。

 

Young friends, you are sitting there, moving your hands, swinging your legs, shaking your heads, wanting to move your heads to where your legs are, then again wanting to move your legs to where the head is. That is being upside-down. When you are moving around like that, your mind is confused and muddled. Then you won't be able to memorize what you have studied. You should sit upright with a clear head and concentrate on the teacher's lecture. That way you'll be able to absorb knowledge.

 

「三上」:路上、枕上、廁上。在路上走,一邊在想:「今天老師教我什麼課呢?那個字怎麼寫?那句話什麼意義?」在路上走時,要不停地思惟剛學習的功課。回到家堙A每天晚間躺到床上,還沒有睡著之前,應該把當天所學的課重新默念一遍,這時候你的腦海堥S有那麼多雜念,應該很容易記得。在廁上,也不要浪費時間打妄想,還是在心堿膍s課本。

There is a very simple method of study that involves three places and three faculties. The three places for studying are: on the road, on the pillow and on the toilet. When you're walking down the road, you can think to yourself: "What did the teacher teach today? How is that word written? What is the meaning of this sentence?" Walking along, you contemplate what you have just learned at school. Back home, every night before you fall asleep, you should also mentally review what you have learned that day. At that moment, your mind doesn't have too many random thoughts, so you should be able to memorize things easily. When you go to the toilet, you shouldn't waste time daydreaming, but should instead review your lessons.

「三到」:眼到、口到、心到。用眼看書,用口讀誦,用心思惟研究。這三到缺一不可。要用冷靜的頭腦分析所學到的道理,才不至辜負老師們的心血和時間。 記住!你們努力讀書,長大後要利益社會,造福人類!   The three faculties you use in studying are: the eyes, the mouth, and the mind. You use your eyes to read, your mouth to recite, and your mind to contemplate. You cannot overlook any one of these three faculties. Analyze the principles you have learned with a clear head, so you won't disappoint the teachers after all the time and effort they have expended in teaching you. Remember to study hard, contribute to society when you grow up, and benefit all of humanity.
     
     

法界佛教總會 • DRBA / BTTS / DRBU

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