Mr. Kong Ming lived in seclusion in
Nanyang, plowing the fields himself and attending to his
studies. He kept his aspirations pure by leading a tranquil
life with few worldly desires. He lived in a humble cottage
that he built himself. His fine reputation as the "Crouching
Dragon" was know far and wide.
Once Liu Bei's horse leapt over a river,
and those circumstances led to his meeting with Mr. Si-ma
Hui, whose other name was Shui Jing (Water-Mirror). This
gentleman pointed out to Liu Bei, "There is Wo Lung
(Crouching Dragon) and Feng Chu (Young Phoenix). If you can
recruit either one of these men, you will be able to bring
peace to the country."
Thereupon Liu Bei called on Ju-ge Liang
three times. Ju-ge Liang was moved by someone who recognized
his true worth and vowed to repay this kindness even at the
cost of death. Later he dispatched his troops out of Qi
Mountain six times. Planning his strategy in his grass hut
at Long Zhong, he already foresaw the establishing of the
Three Kingdoms, which stood like the three legs of a censer.
He simply tried his best to comply with heaven's will in the
In his Memorial of Military Dispatch are
the lines: "I will devote myself to affairs of state with
body and mind; not until death will I stop." His loyalty and
dedication to his country will forever be remembered.
Ju-ge Liang (181-234 C.E.) was a great statesman of China,
an astronomer, geographer, prophet and military scientist.
He was endowed with tremendous foresight. Even before he
emerged from his thatched cottage, he already knew that
China would be divided into three kingdoms. He could
foretell the future with miraculous accuracy. How did this
happen? He did not recite a mantra to enable him to foresee
things. Rather, when one reaches a state of ultimate
stillness, the light penetrates. If your mind is extremely
clear and pure, you will have few idle thoughts, and your
wisdom will manifest. If you have numerous idle thoughts,
you will not be able to remember anything. If you have no
idle thoughts, you will not forget anything because your
mind will not be cluttered with selfish desires. As a
result, you will be filled with wisdom. If you have selfish
desires and discursive thoughts, your mind will be filled
Ju-ge is a Chinese compound surname.
There are two characters combined, for example, Xia-hou;
Wen-ren, Dong-fang; and Si-ma. Those are all compound
surnames. "Prime Minister" was his official title. He was
Prime Minister in the western Kingdom of Shu and was skilled
at ruling the country. He promoted economic prosperity and
the people were happy. Society was peaceful and secure.
Government and military affairs were Mr.
Ju-ge's special talents. He was not someone who spoke
casually. Rather, he was quiet and reserved. He was also
known by another name, Kong Ming.
Here is a story about Kong Ming, A long
time ago two people made a bet with each other. One person
said, "Ju-ge Liang and Kong Ming were one person." The other
person said, "No, Ju-ge Liang is Ju-ge Liang and Kong Ming
is Kong Ming, They were two different people." As for these
two men who were arguing, the former was learned, while the
latter was illiterate. After hearing the story of the Three
Kingdoms, the illiterate man thought that Ju-ge Liang and
Kong Ming were brothers, two separate people, and so he
wanted to argue.
The learned man said, "Okay. We have a
school master here. I only know a few more characters than
you, and you are illiterate. Let us ask the school master
whether Kong Ming and Ju-ge Liang were one person or two. If
they were one person, you must treat me to a drink, and if
they were two people, I'll treat you to a drink." The two of
them bet against each other and went to ask the school
The learned man said," Teacher, I know
that Ju-ge Liang and Kong Ming were one person, but he says
they were two people. I would like to hear what you have to
say about this."
The teacher said," Oh, they were two
And so, the illiterate man won the bet.
He was quite pleased that he won, and he left. But the
learned man was not convinced, and he spoke to the teacher,
"I know Ju-ge Liang was Kong Ming. Why did you say they were
The teacher replied."You are a fool. He
said they were two; you said they were one. This proved that
he did not know, but he was betting with you. If I said they
were one person, you would have won the bet, and he would
have understood and known. I asserted that they were two
people because I wanted to confuse him. He will remain
muddled about the issue for the rest of his life. He will
never know who Ju-ge Liang was and who Kong Ming was, and
wherever he goes he will still argue his point, because he
won a drink betting on it."
That was a rotten teacher. He did not
speak the truth. Others asked him to be a judge, but he was
not fair. This kind of teacher is very common nowadays.
~ To be continued