「棄五蓋」，棄就是拋棄它，不要它。蓋就是蓋覆著。什麼叫五蓋呢？你們知道什麼叫五蓋嗎？有人知道可以講給我聽一聽，我也學一學，I'd like tostudy。沒有人知道？這是很簡單的。
They don't need to buy a ticket, but they can still travel the world, fly up to the heavens, or enter deep into the earth. They may think it's a good deal, but really it uses up a lot of the gasoline of their own nature, until the tank is empty of Prajna's light.
From this discussion you should realize the seriousness of having false thinking. You shouldn't casually have false thoughts, such as "I wonder how my child is doing?" and "What about my sisters, how are they? And my brothers, father, and mother...?" Thinking about such things is not useful at all. It's a case of not being able to gather in your mind. If you are able to cultivate and collect your thoughts, then you will not be lax in your thinking—you won't let your mind loose. If your mind is let loose, then you are not cultivating and gathering it in. Now I believe you understand.
There is much that can be said about cultivating and collecting one's thoughts—so much that it could never be explained entirely. We can only discuss a little. In cultivating and collecting your thoughts you should do three things:
Reproach the five desires！
Chase out the five coverings！
Regulate carefully the five matters！
Everyone knows the five desires, although you may not recognize them by that name. The five desires are forms, sounds, odors, flavors, and objects of touch. They are also listed as wealth, sex, fame, food, and sleep. With the desire for form, one chases after form. With the desire for sound, one pursues sounds. With the desire for fragrance, your mind gets caught up in pursuit of fragrances. With the desire for flavor, you pursue flavors. With the desire for touch, you chase after objects of touch. In general, people are confused by these false things—so confused that their own natures will not emit light. All five desires are false; you should scold and berate your mind: "Hey! Don't run after those defiling forms!" When you scold your mind like that, then your mind will take heed and know it should not chase after form. This same principle applies in cases when disciples aren't obedient and don't listen to the Sutra lectures. "Don't fall asleep! Don't be lazy!" Then the disciples take heed and think, "Oh, I shouldn't be lazy. I guess I'd better be a little more diligent." Scolding away the five desires works in the same way. When your mind wants to pursue defiling forms, you should scold it: "Come back here!" It will come back. Suppose it decides to listen to a piano, or to the sound of an airplane passing overhead. "Hey! Don't listen to that sound! That sound is of no help in cultivation!" Your mind will take heed. If your mind wants to pursue flavors, tell it, "People who cultivate the Way should not become attached to flavors!" Don't think that although it's not all right to become attached to flavors, it probably doesn't matter if one becomes attached to touch. That's also not permissible. In this way you should reproach the five desires, until your mind becomes very well-behaved.
Does anyone know what the five coverings are? If you know, you can tell me; I also want to study them. No one knows? It is very simple. When I tell you, you will say, "Oh, it's those!" and you will understand. Before the term is explained, you wonder what the five are and what they are covering. They are covering your samadhi and your wisdom. Because they are covering them, your samadhi does not come forth and your wisdom does not come forth. They are obstructed by the coverings. If you don't want to be obstructed by these five coverings, you must chase them out. Get rid of them.
The Five Coverings: 1. The covering of greedy desire. This refers not merely to greed, but to greedy desire. Desire is the worst thing there is. We can also say it's the best thing there is. Everything has two sides, you don't want to just look at one side. When is desire the worst thing? When you are greedy for wealth, sex, fame, food, and sleep and greedy for forms, sounds, smells, tastes, and objects of touch. When is desire the best thing? When you are greedy for precepts, greedy for samadhi, and greedy for wisdom. To "always delight in sitting in dhyana" is a kind of greed, after all. It doesn't hurt to have this kind of greed. If you are greedy to become a Buddha, or a Bodhisattva, or a good person, or a filial disciple, then that kind of greed is not bad. What makes me happiest is to have filial disciples. That's my greed. Your greed as disciples is to have the very best teacher, so you can study the Buddhadharma. Those kinds of greed are permissible. In lecturing the Buddhadharma one must explain it as perfectly fused and unobstructed. If someone says something is bad, I will show how it can also be good. If someone says something is good, I will show how it can also be bad. The first covering of greedy desire covers your samadhi and wisdom.
To be continued