The premier was born in Manchuria and pursued his studies in France. On account of a fervent devotion to his country, he took part in revolutionary activities, wholeheartedly determined to revive the spirit of the Chinese people. After returning from France, he wanted to promote the revolution, so he traveled over land and water, undaunted by the countless trials. He did not retreat from the myriad ordeals that he encountered. After the takeover in Mainland China, he was appointed Premier. By day he attended to the myriad affairs of the administration; by night he made many decisions of government policy. He served his country with indefatigable vigor, laying down his very life. Although he displayed complete devotion similar to that of the statesman Kung Ming, it was a shame that he lacked the wisdom to retire from public life, as did the strategist Zhang Zifang. Nonetheless, he was no doubt one of the extraordinary figures of China, a unique hero who awakened the masses.
On his deathbed, he asked to have his ashes scattered across the plains of China. It is hoped that every person of Chinese ethnicity will emulate the spirit of Premier Zhou. That way, China will produce more "beams and pillars"—patriotic heroes of tremendous ability, as well as military and political leaders who are impartial and unselfish.
In this class, we will evaluate some famous political dignitaries of the world who are deceased. We will not discuss current political affairs, which is why we don't appraise those who are still living. However, we would like to make a brief evaluation of the conduct and characteristics of those dignitaries who have passed away, so that later generations will be able to know whether what they did was right or wrong. Therefore, we will not cover up any of their wrongdoings and will only reveal their good points.
Zhou Enlai had faults too. In his youth, he did absurd and unruly things. Yet, there are very few people in this world who are perfect. Very, very few people are totally without even the smallest faults. So, we won't discuss the time of his youth, but will dwell on his career as the Premier of China. For the entirety of his career as Premier of China, Zhou Enlai was a true and sincere person, and worked very hard in order to make China a better nation. At that time, China was experiencing extreme hardship. But under Premier Zhou's management, China was free of major wars for over twenty years. Although there were movements such as the "Great Leap Forward," the "Cultural Revolution," and so forth, those were not grave disasters. In fact, if Premier Zhou had not been there to manage China, there's really no telling how bad a state China would have been in. For this reason, he is a worthy model for all of us, whether we live in China or abroad.
You must be wondering why I am engaged in discussing political parties. Am I interested in being an emperor or involving myself in politics? No, it is not that. I do this to inform you that these people were like and what they did. I am not afraid that other people will criticize me. I will still say what I have to say.
The Premier Zhou was born in Manchuria, and from the time he was very young, he loved his country. And he pursued his studies in France. On account of a fervent devotion to his country, he took part in revolutionary activities, wholeheartedly determined to revive the spirit of the Chinese people. Inspired by the dream of revolution, he engaged in revolutionary activities and joined the Communist Party while studying in France. He single-mindedly and wholeheartedly committed himself to the cause of raising China from her deplorable state of despondency. He didn't want China to continue to be the "sick man of Eastern Asia."
That was why after returning from France, he wanted to promote the revolution, so he traveled over land and water, undaunted by the countless trials. He did not retreat from the myriad ordeals that he encountered. He went everywhere, raising the consciousness of the people, exhorting them to stand up and be strong. He remained undaunted and did not retreat in the face of difficulties and frustrations. No matter how difficult the situation, even when he was in danger of losing his life, he didn't turn back, but kept working at his task with great spirit.
After the takeover in Mainland China, he was appointed Premier. After the Nationalist Party retreated from Mainland China, the Communist Party took over. Zhou Enlai was elected as the Premier. China was poverty-stricken and the national morale was extremely low. By day he attended to the myriad affairs of the administration; by night he made many decisions on government policy. At this extremely difficult time, he worked arduously to run the affairs of the country. He took on that heavy responsibility. He served his country with indefatigable vigor, laying down his very life. He labored so hard for his country that he would often skip meals and work on through the night while other people slept. He didn't care about his own life, but only loved and cherished his country.
To be continued