A verse in praise says:
The Patriarch came, and the majestic
A pearl spun in a round plate;
The witty exchange was perplexing and
The principles were subtle and esoteric;
The attendants brought about a vast
The light penetrated layer upon layer;
A jeweled mirror shone from on high.
The Patriarch came, and the majestic summits
jumped about. With the coming of the Patriarch, the lofty
mountain peaks came alive and started jumping about. That's impossible.
How could the mountain peaks jump up?
A pearl spun in a round
plate. It was like a pearl spinning round and round in a jade
plate, never able to get off the plate. The witty exchange was
subtle and obscure. Their mutual questioning and answering was
very inconceivable, beyond the understanding of most people. They
said, “The majestic summits jumped about,” and “The gentle breeze felt
cool on my face.” Who knows what nonsense they were uttering?
The principles were subtle
and esoteric. These principles were spoken back and forth. The
attendants brought about a vast beginning. Attendants is
literally “talons and teeth.” The principles of the Chan School were
being expressed and propagated bit by bit.
The light penetrated layer
upon layer. His bright light shone in all directions, in
endless layers, like a jeweled mirror that shone
from on high.
Another verse says:
Sweeping the grave on “Clear and
saw the Patriarch,
Thin as a stone slab and dressed in green
Yet he couldn't say what instructions were
Not a single word was uttered of Heaven's
People turn into ghosts after death, and
ghosts fear the
“ghost of a ghost.”
Ordinary people can become sages,
yet sages don't seem extraordinary.
Resolute, enduring, simple, and slow, one
There are the five turbidities in the Saha;
purity is in the West.
Another verse says:
Sweeping the grave on “Clear and Bright,” he
saw the Patriarch. Dhyana Master Baizhang asked the Master if
he had seen the Patriarch. The Master said that the Patriarch was as thin
as a stone slab and dressed in green robes.
Yet he couldn't say what
instructions were given. When asked what instructions the
Patriarch had given, he couldn't say, because there hadn't been any.
So, what was he to say? Dhyana Master Baizhang was deliberately
questioning him that way.
Not a single word was
uttered of Heaven's secrets. Not a single word had been
spoken. There had not been any revelation of divine secrets. If there
had been, then it would really have been a “ghost of a ghost.”
People turn into ghosts
after death, and ghosts fear the “ghost of a ghost.” Ghosts
are the shadows of people. When people are alive, they have shadows.
You just don't realize that the shadow following you is a ghost. You're
afraid of ghosts? Then you're afraid those shadows. When a person dies,
the shadow becomes his ghost. So there are ghostly shadows everywhere.
The ghostly shadow is half of a person. It's there and yet not there.
It doesn't have any substance. It's a shadow without form, just a mass
of dark energy. When a ghost dies, it becomes a ji--“ghost of a ghost.”
The ji is half of the ghostly shadow. If a ghost sees the ji and
doesn't see the other half of the ghost, it becomes afraid.
If we were to see a person with a
shadow behind him, we wouldn‘t be afraid and say, “Yikes! There's a
ghost following you! How spooky!” But if you saw a disembodied shadow
walking by, you'd be scared silly. Do you believe it? If you didn't see
any material entity, but only a faint shadow, you'd be afraid. The ji
or “shadow of a ghost” is one half of the ghost. But when another ghost
sees the ji without the other half [the ghost], it gets scared. It's
the same as how a human being gets spooked when he sees a ghost without
the other half [a person]. In both cases, because it's something
they've never seen before, they think it's uncanny. That's why ghosts
Ordinary people can become
sages, yet sages don't seem extraordinary. If ordinary people
cultivate, they can become sages. Other people see sages as being the
same as themselves—as not being any different from people. The only
difference is that their wisdom is great and their eloquence is lofty,
but these qualities are internal; you can't perceive them from outside.
That's why people don't consider sages extraordinary in any way.
simple, and slow, one approaches humaneness. Resolute means
obstinate. Enduring means one has untiring energy. Simple and slow
means one is like wood—reluctant to talk. One seldom says anything.
These four qualities are very close to humaneness and righteousness.
These four are all very good qualities to have in cultivation.
There are the five
turbidities in the Saha; purity is in the West. Our world is
the evil world of the five turbidities. If you want to be pure, there
is the Western Land of Ultimate Bliss. The choice is yours.