Sutra text from last issue: Because these two habits influence one another, there come into being official inquiries, baited questions, examinations, interrogations, public investigations, exposure, the youths who record good and evil, carrying the record books of the offenders’ arguments and rationalizations, and other such experiences. Therefore, the Thus Come Ones of the ten directions look upon evil views and name them the it of views.’ Bodhisattvas regard having false and one-sided views as they would standing on the edge of a steep ravine full of poison.
Because these two habits influence one another. The habits from the past and the habits from this life act interchangeably as host and followers. If this life’s habits are heavy, then this life’s habits will be host. If past lives’ habits are heavy, then those past lives’ habits will be the host. There is a mutual influence. There come into being official inquiries—interrogations; baited questions, examinations. Baited questions refer to how sometimes in court methods of questioning are used to trick the defendant. This kind of thing also happens in the hells. Interrogations refer to court litigations in which court officials examine the defendant’s words and watch his expressions. They see what the defendant says and then question him in detail, watching his expressions. Then they close in for the interrogation. Public investigations. Perhaps someone is sent to investigate and they ask a lot of questions about a certain incident. This is a very detailed examination of your case. Public exposure is like having a mirror probe into every aspect of your situation. The youths who record good and evil. These youths are there in the hells carrying the record books. The offenses you have created are written there in the books, records of the offenders’ arguments and rationalizations, and other such experiences. You want to argue? What you argue will also be recorded on the spot! You cannot try to get out of what you have done. These youths come to give testimony against you. You have nothing more you can argue.
Because of this, the Thus Come Ones of the ten directions look upon evil views, the habits involved in having evil views and name them the ‘pit of views.’ If you don’t get close to the edge it’s all right, but if you go too near and fall in, it’s not easy to get out. Bodhisattvas regard having false, evil, and one-sided views as they would standing on the edge of a steep ravine full of poison. It’s very dangerous to get near that ravine because it would be very easy to fall in. The very best is to stay far, far away from it. And the same is true of deviant views—stay far, far away from them!
The ninth consists of the habits of injustice and their interconnected support of one another; they result in instigating false charges and libeling. From them are produced crushing between mountains, crushing between rocks, stone rollers, stone grinders, plowing, and pulverizing. It is like a slanderous villain who engages in persecuting good people unjustly. Because these two habits join ranks, there come into being pressing and pushing, bludgeons and compulsion, squeezing and straining, weighing and measuring, and other such experiences. Therefore, the Thus Come Ones of the ten directions look upon harmful accusations and name them ‘a treacherous tiger.’ Bodhisattvas regard injustice as they would a bolt of lightning.
The ninth kind is habits of injustice and their interconnected support of one another. What is injustice? It means that originally the person didn’t do anything wrong, but was accused of doing wrong things. Perhaps someone does you the injustice of claiming that you have stolen something when in fact you didn’t steal it. It means not being straight. Claims that are made without good reason are unjust. Interconnected support of one another means that perhaps you do me an injustice or perhaps I do you an injustice. If someone does you an injustice, it’s because of karmic obstacles created in the past that you now meet up with each other.
They result in instigating false charges and libeling. False charges are like when I say that you stole something of mine that you didn’t really steal. You didn’t kill anyone but I say that you did. I deliberately make up some crime and say that you committed it. From them are produced crushing between mountains, crushing between rocks. Crushing between mountains is a hell. On all four sides are mountains that come together and smash you inbetween them. Or there are huge boulders on the four sides that crush you between them. You are smashed like a meat patty. Stone rollers. These are like mill stones used to hull rice. There’s a hell like that. Stone grinders, plowing, and pulverizing. This is for people who always used false speech and libeled and slandered others; who always said things that weren’t so and spoke incorrectly. And so in this hell, the person’s tongue will be cut out. Or his tongue will be hooked by an iron hook. An ox or mule is used to drag a plow back and forth across his tongue. Pulverizing means putting it into a grinder and grinding it up. It is like a slanderous villain who engages in persecuting good people unjustly. The habit of injustice is like a slanderous villain. A slanderous villain is one who doesn’t speak accurately.
“Weighing and measuring.” (The Chinese character du is read duo here.) The karmic obstacles from past lives join with one’s behavior in this current life. These join ranks and so there come into being pressing. That means pressing the victim down. Pushing. He gets leaned on hard. Bludgeons. He is beaten with clubs. Compulsion. This is another way of pressuring the victim. Squeezing. This means straining through. The victim, the ghost, is put in a bag and then the blood and fluids are squeezed out of him. Weighing and measuring. This is done by scales or a hand-held balance. And other such experiences. Things like these happen
For that reason the Thus Come Ones of the ten directions see people making harmful accusations and name them ‘a treacherous tiger.’ People like this are even fiercer than treacherous tigers. Bodhisattvas regard injustice as they would a bolt of lightning. Bodhisattvas who are cultivating dare not make mistakes in cause and effect. And so when they see people with habits of falsely accusing others, to them it’s as terrifying as being struck by a bolt of lightning. Therefore Bodhisattvas avoid injustice as they would a lightning bolt.
to be continued
The habits from the past and the habits from this life act interchangeably as host and followers. There is a mutual influence.