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《上人法雨》

 

VENERABLE MASTER'S DHARMA RAIN

歐洲弘法記
DHARMA TALKS IN EUROPE

宣化上人一九九O年十月十日開示於英國
Chithurst A talk given by the Venerable Master on October 10, 1990, in Chithurst, England

如何消除恐懼心與業障

問:請問上人應該如何用方便法克服淫欲心、恐懼心、懷疑心?

上人:不吃肉、不吃蔥、不吃蒜,不吃一切刺激性的東西。觀想「是男子皆是我父,是女人皆是我母」,這樣一想,淫欲心也不會生了。有憂愁才有恐懼,沒有憂愁,就沒有甚麼恐懼。沒有自私心也就沒有恐懼心。不爭、不貪、不求、不自私、不自利、不打妄語,這樣就不需要怕了。

為甚麼有懷疑心?就是因為沒有信心,將信將疑才有懷疑。《華嚴經賢首品》上說:「信為道元功德母」,信一切眾生本有的智慧,這就是不懷疑。「日日說真話」,每天都要說真話,不打妄語。「不怕打與罵」,直心說真話,不怕誰打罵我,我也要說真話。「殺我吾不畏」,就有人把我殺了我不怕的。怕甚麼?「解脫有何罣」,真解脫有甚麼罣礙的?有甚麼可怕的?

問:有些在家居士來問我們,說業障來了,不能再進步,想退了。這如果是定業,應如何答覆?是否應勉強他們繼續精進?

上人:這要看當時情形,因人施藥,因病下藥。煩惱菩提如冰與水,煩惱即菩提,置之死地而後生,在不能忍的地方要能忍;不能過關的地方要過關,那才是。不需要鑽牛角尖,沒有死路,車到山前必有路。

我記得七、八年以前,紐約那邊有一位居士,他請出家人住在他廟裏,但他常常和出家人吵架。這出家人就跑了,不再住在廟裏。這廟是在家人造的,可是他要拿出家人來作招牌,來號召,於是乎就想管著出家人。這出家人,當出到他那兒後,就有點不願意被在家人管,因此常常吵架,後來這出家人就跑了。這在家居士很失望,打電話給我,說他要把這個佛教門關了,他要退心了。他問我這個問題,向我來訴苦,無非是想要我站在他這一邊,說這個出家人不好,那麼,他好像就勝利了而有所恃。我卻叫他把門關了;我說:「你早就應該關了!」他在電話裏大約經過十分鐘也沒有話講。我聽他沒有話講,我就說:「你呀!沒有錢的時候,藉了佛教名義來弄錢,也發了財了。今天已有了這麼多錢,當然要把佛教的門關了。你應該過橋拉板;你應該把佛教對你的恩給忘了。如果你不忘,你就要報恩;你若忘了,就不需要報恩了。所以你關佛教的門,這是你自己招來的。」我這樣罵了他一頓,到現在他這佛教的門還沒關。

問:在修行時生抗拒心,因此造成障礙,應如何對治?

上人:老虎來了要吃你,你是不是也要吃老虎?這是抗拒。你可不可以這樣做?

待續

How to Get Rid of Fear and Karmic Obstacles

Question: How can we use skillful means to overcome lust, fear, and doubt?

Venerable Master: Don't eat meat, onions, or garlic. Avoid taking stimulants. Contemplate all men as your fathers and all women as your mothers. If you think that way, you will not give rise to lust. Fear arises from worry. If you have no worries, you won't be afraid of anything. If you aren't selfish, you won't be afraid either. If you don't fight, aren't greedy, don't seek, aren't selfish, don't pursue personal advantage, and don't lie, you have nothing to fear.

You have doubt because you don't have faith. You waver between faith and doubt. The "Worthy Leader" chapter of the Flower Adornment Sutra says, "Faith is the source of the Way and the mother of merit and virtue." Believe in the wisdom inherent in all living beings. Then you won't have doubt.

Every day I speak true words,
Not afraid of being beaten or scolded.
Even if they want to kill me, I'm not scared.
What hindrances are there after liberation?

Always speak truthfully, and don't lie. Be honest and frank. Don't be afraid that someone will scold you or hit you. Even if they do, you want to speak the truth. Even if someone wants to kill you, what is there to be afraid of? What worries are there after true liberation? What is there left to fear?

Question: Sometimes the lay people ask us what to do when, faced with their karmic hindrances, they cannot advance and want to retreat instead. If this is fixed karma, how should we answer them? Should we urge them to continue being vigorous?

Venerable Master: It depends on the circumstances. You have to prescribe the medicine according to the individual's illness. Afflictions and Bodhi are like ice and water. Afflictions can turn into Bodhi. At the point of death, there is new life. If at the point of not being able to bear something, one can bear it; if when one doesn't think one can leap the hurdle, one leaps it, that's what really counts. Don't get trapped into a corner. There are no dead ends. When you drive up to the mountain, there's bound to be a road.

I recall how seven or eight years ago, a layman in New York invited a monk to stay at his temple. But because he often quarreled with the monk, the monk finally left. The temple had been constructed by a layperson, but because he wanted to use a monk as a front to attract people, he would boss the monk around. When the monk had first gone to the temple, he had been reluctant to be bossed around by a layperson. That's why they constantly had arguments and the monk ended up leaving. The layman was very discouraged and called to tell me that he wanted to close down the Buddhist temple because he had lost heart. He poured out his complaints to me, intending to get me to side with him and criticize the monk. Then he would be the victor and could feel justified. But I told him to go ahead and close the temple. I said, "You should have closed it a long time ago!" He was speechless. There was silence on the line for about ten minutes. When I saw that he had nothing to say, I said, "When you were poor, you used the name of Buddhism and made a fortune. Now that you're so rich, you should obviously close down the temple and 'burn the bridges behind you,' as it were. You should forget about the kindness Buddhism has shown you. If you don't, then you'll have to repay that kindness. If you forget it, you won't have to repay it. So it's your own fault that you have to shut down the temple." I scolded him like that, and from then until now, he has not closed the temple.

Question: When we cultivate, we sometimes have thoughts of resistance, which leads to obstacles. How should we deal with this?

Venerable Master: If a tiger came to eat you, would you try to eat the tiger? That would be resistance. Would you act like that?

to be continued


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