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《人物誌》

 

BIOGRAPHIES

【 水鏡回天錄白話解 】

REFLECTIONS IN WATER AND MIRRORS REVERSING THE TIDE OF DESTINY

孫陀羅難陀尊者
The Venerable Sundarananda

宣化上人講述於一九八六年十一月二十一日金山聖寺 Composed by the Venerable Master Hua on November 21, 1986 at Gold Mountain Monastery
國際譯經學院記錄  Translated by the International Translation Institute

羅難陀,孫陀羅是個很溫柔的女孩子;難陀是個很多情的男人,所以兩個人就如魚得水,寸步不離,因為這個,所以他的名字就叫「孫陀羅的難陀」。孫陀羅,翻譯成「豔」;難陀,翻譯成「喜」,所以就叫「豔喜」。豔,就是很美麗的,很美豔的,美豔絕倫。喜,就是常常討好女人,很歡喜的;見到女人就笑了,所以就很歡喜。因為這個,他們兩個可以說是志同道合了。什麼志同道合呢?就是情情愛愛這一套的。所以旁人就叫他,說:「這個難陀是誰的呢?」「就是孫陀羅的難陀」,這就和牧牛難陀和其他的阿難陀,有分別的。

這個難陀和佛是同父異母,也是算佛的一個弟弟。他也有三十相,因為這個,也多少有遺傳的關係,一定佛的父親、母親也生得很端正,所以他們的兒子––佛,一出生就有三十二相。那麼給佛做弟弟,如果很醜陋,像大舜的弟弟那麼樣不守規矩,也就不相當,所以也就相貌很端正的。可是端正是端正,被情愛所迷住了,於是乎和他太太就寸步不相離的,不相捨離,就好像他也離不了她,她也離不了他,如膠似漆,黏到一起了。現在可以說是像那個強力膠,給膠到一起了,分不開了。

佛天天覺得要把自己的眷屬給度出來,於是有一天,就去化緣去。其時,拿著缽到王宮裡去,向難陀乞食。這個難陀一看,佛哥哥來了,離不開太太也要離了;要離了?真是捨不得。孫陀羅不願意他去見佛,也不願意叫他布施給佛、供養佛,所以孫陀羅就和他定個約會,說是:「我把這口唾液吐到地上,現在你去供養佛,你不能等到這唾液乾了再回來,你要在唾液還沒有乾以前就回來。」孫陀羅難陀說:是!是!是!Yes!Yes!Yes!就這樣子去供養佛……。

拿著飲食往佛缽裡放。佛這時候也就用起神通攝持的力量。所以他往缽裡裝飲食的時候,佛就往後退,他就往前去給佛要添缽,要把缽裝滿,就跟著佛,一走,也不知走了多少步,就到祇桓精舍了。

到祇桓精舍,佛就說是:「你這回來了,王宮你不住了,你現在要出家了,好!我現在就滿你的願,就給你落髮。」於是乎,硬掐著就給落髮了,就叫他出家了。孫陀羅難陀心裡覺得真是酸溜溜的,怎麼辦呢?因為他不願意出家,佛就勉強給他落了髮了。想還俗嘛?因為在眾目睽睽之下也沒有機會還俗。怎麼樣?就找機會。

待續

Sundari was a very gentle woman,and Nanda was a very affectionate man.So the two together were like fish and water-they never left each other’s sight.Because of this,Nanda was known as“Sundara’s Nanda.”.Sundari means “beautiful,”exceptionally and captivatingly beautiful;Nanda means“ joy.”That is,he always flattered women and was joyful upon seeing them.He smiled when he saw women,very much delighted.So the two had the same mind.That is they were bound by emotional love.Therefore,when people asked,“Who's Nanda is this?”The answer would be,“He is Sundari’s Nanda.”He was thus distinguished from Nanda the Cowherd and the other Nandas.

This Nanda was the Buddha’s brother by a different mother.He had thirty of the fine hallmarks.That probably had something to do with heritage.The Buddha’s father and mother must have been very handsome,and so their son,the Buddha,was born with the thirty-two fine hallmarks.If the Buddha’s brother were ugly,it would have been like sage-emperor Shun and his evil brother.But Nanda was very handsome.Handsome as he was,he was so infatuated with his wife that he could not bear to be parted from her.He could not leave her,nor could she him.They seemed to have been glued together by Crazy Glue and could not be separated.

The Buddha kept thinking about saving his own brother.And so one day,he took his bowl and went to the royal palace to beg for food from Nanda.When Nanda saw his brother,the Buddha,coming,he had to leave his wife no matter how reluctant he was.Sundari didn’t want him to see the Buddha or offer food to him.So she spat on the floor and said,“Now,you go and make your offering to the Buddha,but be sure to come back before this saliva dries.”Sundara-nanda promised her,saying,“Yes,yes,I will,”and then he went to make an offering to the Buddha.

When he took some food and walked toward the Buddha,the Buddha used his spiritual powers and started moving backwards.Nanda kept walking forward,trying to reach the Buddha and put the food in the Buddha’s bowl.In this way,taking innumerable steps,he followed after the Buddha until they arrived at the abode in Jeta Grove.

When they got there,the Buddha said,“Ah,you have come.So you want to leave the home-1ife and not to go back and live in the palace.Good!I shall fulfill your wish and shave your head.”Thus he was forced to shave his head and leave the home-life.Sundarananda’s heart was filled with dread.but what was he to do?He had not wanted to leave the home—life,but the Buddha had forced him into it.As for returning to lay 1life,he could not find any chance under the scrutinizing eyes of the assembly.What should he do?He kept his eyes open for an opportunity.

To be continued

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