你看前幾天講那個忍辱，就有好幾個忍不了了，就退回去了。退回怎麼樣呢？說「講忍辱，我就要發脾氣，不講的時候，我想不起來發脾氣，還可以忍一忍；您一講這個忍辱，我就要發脾氣。」不講精進呢？他還不退；一講精進呢？要 retreat，就要向後退了。¨ 那麼今天講這個參禪。呵！不講參禪呢？他不亂；一講參禪呢？他就亂來了，就亂上了。現在講般若，不講般若，他還沒有愚癡；一講般若，這愚癡就現出來了。為什麼不講般若，你這個愚癡沒有現出來？那時候因為沒有照妖鏡，沒有這個鏡子，所以你愚癡你也不知道。現在用鏡子一照，「喔！這個愚癡是這樣子的啊？」以前你也不是能忍辱，因為你沒有比較，忍不忍你都不覺得。現在一講這個忍辱，也是用這個鏡子一照，知道是不能忍啦！以前沒有講精進的時候，自己懶惰一點也不覺得！這一講精進，「啊！原來我是這麼懈怠！」所以你現在就知道自己愚癡了，那你就有一線的光明了，就生出智慧來。
The sixth perfection is Prajna. Prajna is Sanskrit and means, generally, wisdom. Wisdom is a fairly common word. Prajna is an honored term, and so it is not translated. It is a miraculous kind of wisdom. Also, it includes several meanings, and so it is not translated. Prajna is of three kinds:
1. Literary Prajna. This refers to the wisdom contained in the Sutras spoken by the Buddha and their commentaries. It doesn’t refer to ordinary worldly literature. Literary wisdom gives rise to,
2. Contemplative Prajna. After reading the Sutras, one then contemplates their meanings. This type of Prajna then leads one to,
3. Real Mark Prajna. Real Mark Prajna is without a mark. But there’s nothing not marked by it. It has no mark, and it is also without the mark of having no mark! The Real Mark is neither existent nor non-existent. Literary Prajna is existent. Contemplative Prajna is non-existent. Real Mark is neither existent nor non-existent. From existence one penetrates to non-existence, and from non-existence one arrives at neither existence nor non-existence. If you can comprehend the realm of neither existence nor non-existence, you have attained Real Mark Prajna.
Because Prajna has these three meanings, we do not translate it. If you have wisdom, you will have Prajna. If you have no wisdom, you’re stupid. Stupid people lack wisdom. Wise people are devoid of stupidity.
“I’ m worried,” you say, “because I’ m really stupid. I don’t have any Prajna."
Don’t worry. To know that you are stupid is just the beginning of Prajna. It’s just to be feared that you don’t know that you are stupid. If you think that you are wise and that you have a lot of Prajna, then you are stupid. Why? Because you don’t understand yourself. If you understand yourself, you have Prajna. If you understand yourself today, then today you have wisdom. If you understand yourself tomorrow, then tomorrow you have wisdom. If you understand yourself every day, then every day you have wisdom. So don’t be afraid of not having wisdom. Just be afraid that you won’t realize that you don’t have any wisdom! Where does wisdom come from, anyway? It comes from stupidity. If you weren’t stupid, you couldn’t become wise.
If you know that you are stupid, that means your wisdom is starting to manifest. It’s just that wonderful, that ineffably wonderful. Basically, I can’t explain wonderful Dharma to you, but now I see that you have developed to the point that it’s okay to tell you. Since we have arrived at the discussion of Prajna, you are no doubt wise enough to hear it!
A few days ago when I talked about patience, a lot of people couldn’t be patient! Instead, they got angry! Before I talked about it, it didn’t occur to them to get angry and they were getting along alright, taking things in stride. But as soon as I lectured on patience, they got impatient.
Before I explained vigor, nobody retreated. Once I lectured on it, people started to retreat! Before I talked about Chan, people weren’t too scattered. As soon as I discussed it, however, people started getting confused. Before I talked about Prajna, people weren’t stupid. As soon as I talked about it, their stupidity was revealed! Actually, it’s not that the stupidity wasn’t there, but that you had no mirror to see it in. My explanations are like a mirror and so you say, “Oh, I’m so stupid!” Before, you didn’t know that you were impatient, because you had nothing to compare yourself with. Now, hearing the discussion of patience and looking at yourself in that “mirror,” you know that you aren’t patient. Before you heard about vigor, you could take it easy and not feel too bad about it. Now that you know what vigor is, you realize how lax you have been. So now if you are stupid, in that one clear thought, your wisdom manifests!
To be continue