From last issue: the Six Paramitas
What is meant by the Paramita of Morality? The Paramita of Morality means guarding against offenses in seven aspects. The seven aspects are: three of the body and four of the mouth--killing, stealing, and sexual misconduct with the body and loose speech, lying, harsh speech, and backbiting with the mouth. Not committing these seven offenses is being moral.
The Third Paramita is that of Patience. What is patience? Patience means to bear up under insult. It means to take what you can't take. For example, if someone hits you or scolds you and you don't retaliate in any way, you are using patience. That is, if someone hits you, you don't hit back; or if someone scolds you, you don't scold him back. Then you are practicing the Paramita of Patience. If someone hits you and you kick the person right back, you can't call that patience. If someone punches you on the ear or slaps you on the mouth, you ought to turn the other cheek and let the person hit the other side, too. Why? Because if they just slap one cheek and not the other, the other cheek will get jealous! If you can let the person hit both sides and give you a thorough beating without you striking back, that is having patience.
What is vigor? The Paramita of Vigor means that you finish everything you start. If you start things with great excitement, but then get tired and quit, then the things you do have a beginning but no end. Completing the job indicates vigor. That's the Paramita of Vigor.
What is the Paramita of Dhyana Samadhi? It refers to the Four Dhyanas and the Eight Samadhis. The Four Dhyanas are the first Dhyana, the second Dhyana, the third Dhyana, and the fourth Dhyana.
When you reach the state of the first Dhyana, your breath stops and you are as if dead. When your breathing stops, that shows you have attained the first Dhyana. There are people who say they teach others to enter the first Dhyana. Well, if they have really attained the state of the first Dhyana, you can bury them in the ground for three days and nights and they won't die. This is just like in yoga. Some yogis have the ability to be buried underground for three hours without dying. When one reaches the state of the first Dhyana, one can be buried in the ground not only for three days and nights, but for any length of time at all, and still not die. So if someone says he can teach you to attain the first Dhyana and claims to have attained the first Dhyana himself, you can first bury him and see what happens. If he doesn't die, that proves that he has really reached the first Dhyana. If he dies after being buried, then he hasn't reached it.
When a person reaches the second Dhyana, the pulse stops. In the first Dhyana the breath disappears but the pulse is still there. In the state of the second Dhyana, the pulse stops as well. One is just like a dead person; one's pulse has stopped and there is no heartbeat. Or perhaps the heart is still beating ever so slightly, but one's pulse is gone.
In the third Dhyana, thought stops as well. Not only is the pulse gone, even thoughts stop arising. Then one is really not having false thinking. In the third Dhyana, thought stops, but it's not cut off.
In the fourth Dhyana, the Ground of the Purity of Renouncing Thought, thought is cut off altogether. The first Dhyana is called the Ground of the Happiness of Leaving Production. In this state one leaves afflictions and gives rise to happiness. But this is not yet samadhi. The second Dhyana is called the Ground of the Happiness of Developing Samadhi. One has samadhi at that point. The third Dhyana is called the Ground of the Wonderful Bliss of Leaving Happiness. One leaves behind the happiness experienced in the earlier states. The fourth Dhyana is called the Ground of the Purity of Renouncing Thought. Those are the Four Dhyanas.
The Eight Samadhis are the Four Dhyanas plus the Samadhi of the Station of Limitless Emptiness, the Samadhi of the Station of Limitless Consciousness, the Samadhi of the Station of Nothing Whatsoever, and the Samadhi of the Station of Neither Pereception nor Non-Perception. That's the Eight Samadhis. The above has been a discussion of Dhyana.
→To be continued