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《菩提田》

 

BODHI FIELD

讀宣化上人開示錄有感
Some Thoughts on Reading
the Venerable Master Hsüan Hua's Dharma Talks

忻昱     文
By Xin Li


雖然有些只是片段的短短開示,可是字字皆是金玉良言,句句義理重重。
Even though some of the talks are only a few sentences long, every word is valuable advice, and every sentence contains multiple levels of meaning.

本人在研讀《宣化上人開示錄》之後,始悟知善知識之開示,篇篇皆是法中寶。假如說《法華經》是經中之王,是成佛的經,而《楞嚴經》是開智慧的經;《宣化上人開示錄》則無異於此兩部大乘經典的融合,無法不含,無一字不是甘露法雨。

《宣化上人開示錄》從最初的第一冊至已出版的第六冊,雖然有些只是片段的短短開示,可是字字皆是金玉良言,句句義理重重。淺者見淺,深者見深,既玄又妙,是世間法亦是出世法。無一人不能從中得益。是人人不可缺的精神糧食,智慧之源。可說是當今末法時代的一盞明燈,照亮了無明眾生,自性漸從暗而光明。若人人讀後皆能躬行實踐,當將是挽救現今一切天災人禍等種種世界危機的一顆明星。

目前中國就有不少學佛者,因誠心研讀上人的開示錄而苦修成五眼六通的功能,進而依照善知識的開導,發菩提心,盡心盡力去幫助許多無知者了解因果的道理,去惡向善,離苦得樂,也發心學佛,普濟眾生。在沒有善知識親身教導之下,只從他的開示錄中,細心研讀,以信、願、誠去修習,就有如此大的成就,除了宿世善根外,足以證明若對善知識的話沒有半分懷疑,諸佛菩薩的真語實語,會令你啟發大智慧,理解不可思議之佛法妙、心法妙及眾生法妙。

俗語說:「書中自有黃金屋」。吾當說:「《宣化上人開示錄》中即是佛的妙語妙法」。那是一點也不虛假的。從上人開示法雨中,不但能照見一個人的習氣毛病,醜陋的一面,可貴的是,他還慈悲地開了妙方,讓犯過的無知者能自救救他。十法界不離一念心,人生要義,一目了然。須知眾生的無明苦惱,皆因往昔所造諸惡業。若欲離苦得樂,了生脫死,不再輪迴六道;必定要依善知識的話去做。成佛是否,在於本身,別人代替不了。若不聽教誨,行惡不行善,墮地獄時亦復如是。

至於天地宇宙間的奧妙,萬事萬物的演變,更是不易了解,不可思議。可是經由上人淺白易懂的開示,無一不難,迷惑自解。所謂三千大千世界,萬法唯心。四大皆空,因緣和合而生,皆因人執著於追求塵世間的五欲;還有貪、瞋、癡等等的毒,使人陷於無明煩惱不能見性,所以不解一切義理。只有小我,不見大我。諸佛菩薩,同體大悲,演說方便法,救度一切眾生,信者見道,行者得道。依法修行,滅除魔境,佛境當現前。

學佛者除了要研究經、律、藏;勤修戒、定、慧外,重要的還是要依止善知識。善知識者是為真能做到不爭、不貪、不求、不自私、不自利、不打妄語,這六大宗旨。佛臨涅槃時告誡弟子所問,佛滅度後當於戒為師。身為佛弟子,若不能常親近善知識時。善知識所說過的話就更要牢記在腦海裡,不可忘了。

所以身為上人的弟子們,更應該常研讀上人之開示,然後實行,那才是上人的真弟子,真佛子;也不辜負恩師的苦心教導。

After reading the Dharma Talks of Venerable Master Hua, I realized that every Dharma Talk by a good and wise advisor is a gem of Dharma. If the Dharma Flower Sutra is the king of sutras and leads one to become a Buddha, and the Shurangama Sutra is the sutra that helps to open one's wisdom, then the Venerable Master's Dharma Talks are simply the combination of these two Mahayana sutras. There is no dharma that they do not encompass. Every single word is the sweet dew of Dharma rain.

Even though some of the talks in the six published volumes are only a few sentences long, every word is valuable advice, and every sentence contains multiple levels of meaning. Ordinary people see what is obvious; well-versed people see what is profound. It is subtle and wonderful. The talks contain both worldly and transcendental Dharma. Everyone can benefit from them. The Dharma Talks given by the Venerable Master Hua are the spiritual provisions and source of wisdom that all people need. In this Dharma Ending Age, they serve as a bright lamp which shines through all living beings' ignorance, gradually lighting up their own natures. If everyone who reads these books can practice according to them, then these books will be a brilliant star which can avert the various calamities and misfortunes menacing the world today.

Through careful, sincere investigation of the Venerable Master's Dharma Talks and hard cultivation, many Buddhists in China have obtained the powers of the Five Eyes and Six Spiritual Penetrations. Accordingly, they have brought forth the Bodhi resolve. They are wholeheartedly doing their best to help many others understand the principle of cause and effect, depart from evil and do all good, and leave suffering and attain bliss. As a result of this, the latter also bring forth the resolve to study the Buddhadharma and universally help all living beings. Without a good and wise advisor's personal guidance, they investigate his Dharma Talks carefully and practice accordingly with faith, vows and sincerity. Yet they have such a great accomplishment. Not only do they have good roots from previous lives, this also proves that if one has no doubt in a good and wise advisor's words, then all the true words spoken by the Buddhas and Boddhisattvas will inspire one's great wisdom to understand the inconceivable wonder of the Buddhadharma, the mind-dharma, and the dharma of living beings.

A proverb says: "In books one can find a golden house." What I would say is that the Venerable Master's Dharma Talks are simply the wonderful discourses of the Buddha; they are the wonderful Buddhadharma. The Venerable Master's Dharma Talks reveal one's bad habits and ugly side, but most precious are the wonderful prescriptions the Venerable Master compassionately gives, enabling ignorant people who commit offenses to save themselves as well as others. The Ten Dharma Realms are not beyond a single thought. The purpose of life is seen at a glance. All living beings' suffering and ignorance are based upon bad karma created in the past. If one wishes to leave suffering and attain bliss, to end birth and death, and to stop revolving in the six paths, one must follow the instructions of a good and wise advisor. Whether you become a Buddha or not depends upon yourself, because no one can stand in for you. By the same principle, one who ignores instructions and does evil deeds, but does not do wholesome deeds, may fall into the hells.

The mysteries and transformations of the myriad things in the universe are even harder to understand or conceive of; however, after reading the Venerable Master's simple and clear explanations, they are no longer difficult or confusing. As it is said, in the trichiliocosm, all dharmas are made from the mind alone. The four elements are all empty; they exist when causes and conditions come together. Due to their attachment to pursuing the five worldly desires, and to the poisons of greed, hatred and stupidity, people are obstructed from seeing the inherent nature. Caught up by afflictions and ignorance, they cannot understand the principles. They only have the small self, and fail to see the great self. The Buddhas and Bodhisattvas, out of the great compassion of oneness with all, speak the Dharma expediently to rescue all beings. Those who have faith see the Way; those who practice attain the Way. By cultivating in accord with the Dharma, one eradicates demonic states so that the Buddha state can manifest.

In addition to studying the Sutras, Vinaya and Shastras, and vigorously cultivating precepts, samadhi and wisdom, it is even more important for a Buddhist to rely on a good and wise teacher. A good and wise teacher is one who can really practice the Six Guidelines of no fighting, no greed, no seeking, no selfishness, no pursuing personal advantages, and no lying. Before the Buddha entered Nirvana, he told his disciples that after his Nirvana they should take the precepts as their teacher. If a disciple is frequently unable to be near his good and wise teacher, it is even more essential that he remember his teacher's advice and not forget it. As disciples of the Venerable Master, we should all read and study his Dharma Talks and put them into practice. If we can do this, then we are his true disciples and true Buddhists, and we will not disappoint our kind teacher's painstaking efforts to teach us.

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