If our actions accord with truth and reason, then we people will experience fewer obstructions and calamities in our lives or even none at all. Therefore, we need to know the applications of reason and truth by humanity to the last detail. In terms of basic human rights, truth is found right next to life. Its importance and universality can be found in even tiny things and small matters, if we carefully observe and reflect.
Question: "Are there greater and smaller truths?"
Answer: The absolute truth has no discrimination of greater and smaller. The subjective truth does have such distinctions, because of its limitations. Truth itself has no right and wrong, good and evil, crooked and straight.
Question: "Isn't it the case that that one is right when he stands on reason, and is wrong then, when he is unreasonable?"
Answer: "That's the conventional wisdom used when we evaluate subjective reality. It does not represent inherent truth per se. For example, you can see subjective reality at work when someone has been killed. Would you assume that the killer is wrong and the victim is right? Or do you suppose that the deceased is a criminal and the killer is a policeman? Another example: if you saw someone carrying a color TV and walking along fast, and he is out of breath, where is the reality, according to conventional wisdom? Is it a salesman delivering some goods with good will? Or is it a thief breaking the law with evil will? Is it a customer who has bought the TV? That would be a neutral will (neither good nor evil).
Truth has no inherent good or bad to it, no right or wrong, no crooked or straightness. It only proves reality. This is like the notion that space has no finite direction. Philosophy serves to seek the Truth which has to be made clear. The greatest function of Truth is protection in no form. Without a basis in truth, everything will be chaotic, no one will find a way to advance if truth is not applied. Up to now the absolute truth has not been found yet, most applications are produced in subjective truth.
To be continued