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試論絕對的真理
DISCUSSIONS ON THE ABSOLUTE TRUTH

岳興華 文 By Syin-Hwa Ywe

人的活動如能合理,就少生乃至不生坎坷挫折,可見真理的作用於人是無微不至的。真理在人僅次於生命,在細微事物中,仔細思惟察覺方知其重要性和普遍性。

問:真理有大小嗎?答:絕對真理沒大小,相對真理依其侷限而有大小,凡是真理本身無是非、善惡、曲直。

問:不是有理即是,無理則非嗎?答:那是人們根據客觀實際評定後的習慣語,並非真理本身所有。例如殺人,客觀事實,你能認為殺人者非,而被殺者是嗎?死者是逃犯,殺者是追捕刑警。另如有人抱著彩電氣喘噓噓地急走,客觀實際,若是售貨員送貨,是善意;是小偷,即犯法行為,是惡意;是買來的,則為「無記」 (即不善不惡)。

真理只證事實,本身並無善惡、是非、曲直,和空間無方向是同樣道理。哲學是追求真理的,必須把它弄清楚。真理最大的作用是無表象的維護,沒有真理的依據,一切混亂;沒有真理的依據,人將走頭無路,現在還沒找到絕對真理,所有作用多是相對真理產生的。

待續

If our actions accord with truth and reason, then we people will experience fewer obstructions and calamities in our lives or even none at all. Therefore, we need to know the applications of reason and truth by humanity to the last detail. In terms of basic human rights, truth is found right next to life. Its importance and universality can be found in even tiny things and small matters, if we carefully observe and reflect.

Question: "Are there greater and smaller truths?"
Answer: The absolute truth has no discrimination of greater and smaller. The subjective truth does have such distinctions, because of its limitations. Truth itself has no right and wrong, good and evil, crooked and straight.

Question: "Isn't it the case that that one is right when he stands on reason, and is wrong then, when he is unreasonable?"

Answer: "That's the conventional wisdom used when we evaluate subjective reality. It does not represent inherent truth per se. For example, you can see subjective reality at work when someone has been killed. Would you assume that the killer is wrong and the victim is right? Or do you suppose that the deceased is a criminal and the killer is a policeman? Another example: if you saw someone carrying a color TV and walking along fast, and he is out of breath, where is the reality, according to conventional wisdom? Is it a salesman delivering some goods with good will? Or is it a thief breaking the law with evil will? Is it a customer who has bought the TV? That would be a neutral will (neither good nor evil).

Truth has no inherent good or bad to it, no right or wrong, no crooked or straightness. It only proves reality. This is like the notion that space has no finite direction. Philosophy serves to seek the Truth which has to be made clear. The greatest function of Truth is protection in no form. Without a basis in truth, everything will be chaotic, no one will find a way to advance if truth is not applied. Up to now the absolute truth has not been found yet, most applications are produced in subjective truth.

To be continued

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