Tsau Tsau had another name, Meng De, and his nickname was E Man. He was from Chan county in the country of Fei, in the time of Eastern Han. He was sharp and talented at debate. (That is to say, he was eloquent and could argue in his own defense.) In his youth, he established great merit for his country by subjugating the "Yellow-Turban Rebels". Because of this success, he became an outstanding person, and won a prominent reputation. After the calamity of "Dung Jwo" (a recalcitrant prime minister for the emperor Syan in the Han dynasty), Tsau Tsau invited emperor Syan to the city of Syu-Chang, in He Nan province. From then on, he took over power and monopolized the whole situation. Emperor Syan became the puppet of Tsau Tsau, in order to rule the whole nation because he was the Son of Heaven in name only, (which means he seized the Son of the Heaven, and issued commands in the Emperor's name to trick the leaders of the small countries.) In this way, he destroyed the power of other nations in the Yellow River Valley. Therefore Emperor Syan honored him as "Master Wei"
Although the Yellow River Valley was controlled by Tsau Tsau, the two countries to the south of the Yang Dz River had not yet been united. (At that time the country of Wu and the country of Shu were located on the east and west side around the Yang Dz River area.) He decided to attack the two countries of Wu and Shu by dispatching troops to the south of the Yang Dz River and wage war. Unluckily, in the Battle at Chr Bi, the army of Wei was totally defeated by the united army of Wu and Shu. Throwing down their armor and dropping their weapons, the soldiers of Wei escaped one by one. In this battle, Tsau Tsau almost lost his life in a fire. Escaping with difficulty to a place called "Hwa Rung Dau", he met General Gwang Yu of Shu guarding the gate. Facing Gwan Yu (whose other name was Gwan Yun Chang), how could the remnants of Tsau Tsau's defeated army deal with this situation? Tsau Tsau was scared to death, and did not know what to do. Luckily he kept his wits about him, and since he had treated Gwan Yu well in the past, this time he could plead with him to spare his life. Gwan Yu had a righteous character and knew to repay deeds of kindness, so he released Tsau Tsau, who then escaped back to Byan Liang.
Tsau Tsau was known as "the brave and cunning traitor of the age," and "an extraordinary individual in history." After he died, his son, Tsau Pei usurped the throne of Han and changed the dynasty's name to Wei. He became known as Emperor Wen. He gave his father a posthumous title, "Emperor Wu of Wei". Thus came to an end the episode of three independent countries standing on their own like the three legs of a tripod.