What basically is not produced, what basically does not dwell, what basically is not the mind, and what basically are not dharmas arise through interaction. As they arise more and more strongly, they form the propensity to create karma. Similar karma sets up a mutual stimulus. Because of the karma thus generated, there is mutual production and mutual extinction. That is the reason for the upside-down state of living beings.
What is basically not produced refers to the ignorance which produces appearances.
What basically does not dwell refers to karmic consciousness, is to say the eighth consciousness.
What basically is not the mind refers to the aspect of seeing.
What basically are not dharmas refers to the aspect of appearances. Ignorance, karmic consciousness, and the aspects of seeing and appearances have no source no substance of their own. Their very existence is illusory. Nonetheless, this sickness is contagious once it arises: that is what is meant by "they
arise through interaction" It is the same as the interconnection of the eyes, ears, nose, tongue, body, and mind.
As they arise more and more strongly, they form the propensity to create karma. Their continual arisal and transformation become powerful, and so similarly, the karma they make increases. Ignorance, karmic consciousness, and the aspects of seeing and appearances aid one another. This interaction becomes stronger and stronger until, when it reaches its peak, they become fused and create karma. Karmic obstacles arise.
Similar karma sets up a mutual stimulus. Because of the karma thus generated, there is mutual production and mutual extinction. Because of this interconnection and mutual stimulation, production and extinction are created.
That is the reason for the upside-down state of living beings. That's how living beings come to be and how they give rise to inversions.
Ananda, what is meant by the upside-down state of the world? All that exists comes from this; the world is set up because of the false arising of sections and shares. Every cause in fact has no cause; everything that is dependent has nothing on which it is dependent, and so it shifts and slides and is unreliable. Because of this, the world of the three periods of time and four directions comes into being. Their union and interaction bring about changes which result in the twelve categories of living beings.
Ananda, what is meant by the upside-down state of the world? Ananda, I will explain the inversions of the world. You should listen to this.
All that exists comes from this. "This" refers to ignorance. "All that exists" refers to the physical bodies and faculties of living beings.
The world is set up because of the false arising of sections and shares-- of ignorance and living beings. "Sections" refers to the individual bodies of living beings. "Shares" refers to their various lifespans. When beings give rise to ignorance, to an unenlightened thought, it is as if they have taken some drug which confuses them, or as if they had gotten drunk on too much wine. They no longer know what they should be doing. So they simply go along with their karma. Whatever karma they create, they undergo retribution for those deeds. This is why the world comes into being.
Every cause in fact has no cause; everything that is dependent has nothing on which it is dependent, and so it shifts and slides and is unreliable. Although ignorance is groundless and void, nonetheless it is the cause of this world. "No cause," then, refers to ignorance, which, being empty, cannot form a cause. And yet, illusory though it is, it gives rise to the world--"every cause." The world is empty, too, then, and since it is empty, it cannot be relied upon. And yet, it appears it can be relied upon. "Everything that is dependent has nothing on which it is dependent." Basically, the world is not something on which anything can be dependent, but because living beings give rise to false attachment and false emotion, they become something "that is dependent." This dependency is a manifestation of their karmic consciousness. But since the whole situation is basically empty, basically non-existent, basically causeless and unreliable, things "shift and slide and are unreliable." The entire circumstance is never-ending and always in a state of flux.
Because of this, the world of the three periods of time and four directions comes into being. All these influences combine to create the world. The world has three periods of time: past, present, and future. It also has four aspects of space: the four directions.
Their union and interaction bring about changes which result in the twelve categories of living beings. They borrow one another's strength. As they mutually interact, there is a kind of transformation and living beings come into being. The twelve categories of living beings will be
That is why, in this world, movement brings about sounds, sounds bring about forms, forms bring about smells, smells bring about contact, contact brings about tastes, and tastes bring about awareness of dharmas. The random false thinking resulting from these six creates karma, and this continuous revolving becomes the cause of twelve different categories.
That is why, in this world, movement brings about sounds. Because of the appearance of movement, the defiling object of sounds arises.
Sounds bring about forms. Once the defiling object of sounds exists, the defiling object of forms comes into being.
Forms bring about smells. Forms influence the arising of smells.
Smells bring about contact, contact brings about tastes, and tastes bring about awareness of dharmas. The random false thinking resulting from these six creates karma. The "six" refer to forms, sounds, smells, tastes, contact, and dharmas. These six create scattered false thoughts and together they play tricks. They are a gang of thieves. They plunder and rob. They create karma. And this continuous revolving becomes the cause of twelve different categories. The interactions of the six defiling organs make continuous karma, which divides into twelve distinct types. From this, beings undergo continual rebirth in the six paths.
(to be continued)